Indoor Outdoor Living Spaces: How to Successfully Integrate the Home and Garden

a kitchen with oak flooring and huge sliding doors leading to the garden with seating area
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As the boundaries between our indoor havens and the vast expanse of our gardens continue to merge, there arises a distinct desire for unity in design.

This harmony is not just about creating a visually stunning panorama; it delves deeper into crafting spaces that speak to each other, almost beckoning one to wander from the warmth of a living room to the fresh embrace of a garden.

This seamless blend not only amplifies aesthetic allure but also imbues a sense of tranquillity and vastness. It’s about more than just matching decor and plants—it’s bringing in colors, textures, and moods that make the transition from inside to outside feel like a fluid, poetic journey. 

Definition of Indoor Outdoor Living Spaces

an oak kitchen with large patio doors leading out onto the garden

Indoor outdoor living spaces refer to areas in a home design that seamlessly blend the interior with the exterior, erasing the strict boundaries between inside and outside. These spaces are characterized by their fluidity and ability to extend the living area of a home into the natural surroundings, whether it’s a garden, patio, balcony, or backyard.

By incorporating architectural elements like large sliding doors, bi-folding doors, oversized windows, and consistent flooring materials, homes can achieve a sense of unity and flow between the home and garden.

The integration of these spaces not only enhances your home but also promotes a harmonious relationship with nature and encourages a healthier lifestyle with more access to fresh air and natural light.

In recent years, the biophilic design trend of integrating indoor outdoor living spaces has grown exponentially, and it has become a hallmark of modern home design. Here’s a look at how you can create an indoor outdoor living space in your home: 

The Power of Cohesive Design

a pergola with purpose made fireplace and seating area
Looking out from the kitchen to a pergola and fireplace can help create a cohesive indoor outdoor feel

Cohesive design is not just a buzzword; it’s the backbone of any harmonious space. To achieve this, you need to view your home and garden as a unified entity rather than two distinct sectors.

This narrative should echo in every design decision, ensuring a fluid transition and consistent theme. Consider elements like symmetry, repeating patterns, or even a focal point that can be appreciated both indoors and out.

These could include: 

  • A well-designed fireplace or fire pit, especially one with dual-facing access, can be appreciated from the living room inside and the patio outside.
  • Features like a fountain, pond, or pool can be visible from the inside through large windows or sliding doors, creating a serene view and bringing the soothing sound of water close to both indoor and outdoor spaces. Other features could include architectural details like PVC brackets or louvers. 
  • A strategically placed sculpture or piece of art in a courtyard or garden can be enjoyed from multiple rooms if the home’s architecture allows for it. 
  • Vertical gardens or green walls. These lush installations can be set up adjacent to large windows or glass walls, providing a touch of nature that’s visible from both the home and the garden.
  • An architectural pergola adorned with climbing plants like wisteria or grapevines can create a picturesque view, especially if it’s positioned close to the home and visible from indoor spaces.

Color Palettes: Blending Inside and Out

corner seating in a kitchen with flowers in a vase and floral cushions
If you have lots of flowers in your garden, mimic the colors in cushions, art, and soft furnishings in your kitchen

Colors have a profound impact on our emotions and perceptions. When harmonizing your home and garden, color plays a pivotal role.

Begin by observing the natural shades prevalent in your garden throughout the year. Whether it’s the lush greens of summer foliage or the rustic hues of autumn leaves, these can inspire the color choices for your interiors.

Start with neutral tones as your base colors, as they’re versatile and timeless. Grays, beiges, whites, and muted browns can act as a bridge between vibrant outdoor hues and your interior space.

Choose 2-3 accent colors inspired by the dominant hues in your garden or the natural surroundings. For example, if you have a rose garden, muted rose or deep green could be an accent color inside.

a rattan sofa in a sun room with blue and white striped cushions

Elements like tiles, roofing, or metalwork can also influence your palette. If your patio has blue tiles, for example, consider incorporating blue accents or decorations indoors.

Conversely, if you have a dominant indoor color scheme you adore, consider planting flowers or shrubs that mirror or complement these shades. This mutual reflection creates a sense of unity, making it feel as if your garden is a natural extension of your living space, the basis for all biophilic living.

Finally, ensure that adjacent indoor and outdoor spaces don’t contrast too starkly. If your living room has a soft, muted palette, but the adjoining patio is vibrant and bright, the transition might feel jarring.

Material Matters: Unity in Design Choices

a kitchen with dark island and marble worktop. There is an original stone wall leading out into the garden and large sky lights
Using natural materials such as stone and marble is a good starting point when integrating your home and garden.

When harmonizing spaces, it’s essential to look beyond mere aesthetics and delve deep into the very materials that make up your home and garden. This is the tactile essence of a space, influencing how we interact with it on a daily basis.

From the wooden floors underfoot to the stone pathways that meander through the garden, the unity of materials plays a significant role in creating a cohesive look and is extremely important in biophilic design.

Consider, for example, using similar timber tones in your garden decking as you have in your living room furnishings, bridging the gap between indoor luxury and outdoor rusticity. 

Stone used for kitchen countertops, or feature stone walls can echo in garden pathways or patios. Even textiles, like outdoor cushions and indoor throws, can be chosen in complementary fabrics to add that touch of cohesion.

When these elements are thoughtfully paired, they evoke continuity, making your home and garden feel like different chapters of the same captivating story.

Landscape & Layout: Crafting Continuity

a garden shed converted into a living space

Landscaping isn’t just about planting a few trees and flowers; it’s about envisaging a living canvas where every element contributes to a grander picture of the home and garden.

A meticulously planned layout serves as a guide, leading one through different zones of the garden, each with its own story to tell. Integrating garden storage into this narrative can be both functional and stylish.

Rather than having garden storage products as an afterthought, incorporate them into the design from the get-go.  Consider bespoke wooden sheds that mirror the timber of your home, or strategically place storage benches that serve dual purposes – offering a place to rest and a hidden compartment for tools.

The placement of these storage solutions can also aid in creating zones or pathways in your garden, directing movement and interest.

When it comes to planting, creating vistas with outdoor plants that can be appreciated from the inside allows homeowners to enjoy the beauty of nature even when they’re indoors. Thoughtfully designed views can also serve to bridge the divide between inside and outside spaces, creating a seamless transition.

  1. Start by determining the primary viewpoints from inside your home. This could be from a favorite chair, a frequently used workspace, or any space where you spend significant time.
  2. If possible, design or retrofit your home with larger windows or sliding glass doors, particularly in main living areas, to maximize the view outside.
  3. Think of your garden view in terms of layers. Start with taller trees in the background, medium shrubs in the middle, and shorter plants or ground cover in the foreground. This layered approach can add depth and interest to your view.
  4. Choose plants that offer year-round interest. Consider flowering trees for spring, evergreen shrubs for winter, colorful deciduous trees for fall, and perennial bloomers for summer.
  5. Incorporate focal points that draw the eye, such as a striking tree, a statue, a water feature, or an arbor. This adds interest and anchors the view.
  6. Plants that move, like ornamental grasses or bamboo, can be mesmerizing to watch from indoors, especially when swaying in the breeze.
  7. Remember to prune trees and shrubs regularly to keep them in check and ensure that they don’t obstruct the view over time.

Moreover, continuity is also about maintaining a balance – balancing open indoor outdoor living spaces with planted areas, light with shade, and movement with stillness. When your landscape flows with intent and purpose, your garden becomes an extension of your home, harmoniously tied together with every step.

Furnishing Fluidity

modular seating in the garden with green cushions

Furniture plays an indispensable role in binding the aesthetic essence of indoor outdoor living spaces. When chosen astutely, furnishings can act as the red thread that stitches the fabric of your home to your garden.

For instance, think of a teak dining table that sits in your conservatory, echoing the same wooden loungers nestled amongst your garden plants. Or a color palette from your living room cushions that reappear in your patio seating.

Modular seating, characterized by its flexibility and individual components, is also becoming increasingly popular for its adaptability in both indoor and outdoor settings. This seating arrangement allows homeowners to customize their spaces based on specific needs, preferences, and changing circumstances.

It’s these subtle callbacks that make transitioning from your home to garden not just easy, but delightful. Furthermore, furniture also needs to address the unique demands of each space. Outdoor pieces must be robust and weather-resistant, yet not compromising on style.

Functional Flow: Integrating Purposeful Spaces

a dining space in the garden with a wood panelled roof and walls. There is a bbq in the corner with a herb garden.
Create an indoor outdoor living space from the kitchen for entertaining and BBQing!

Every space, be it within the confines of walls or amidst the sprawl of nature, should exude purpose. When rooms or garden areas are defined with clear intent, it aids not only in utility but also in creating a sense of continuity and flow.

Imagine an indoor reading nook that extends to a shaded garden alcove, perfect for those sunny afternoons. Or a kitchen that spills out into an outdoor dining area, complete with a barbecue station and herb garden within arm’s reach. It’s about creating synergies, where the function of one space naturally complements its adjoining counterpart.

a kitchen with oak flooring and sliding bifold doors out into the garden

To create a functional flow: 


  • Lay uninterrupted flooring that can guide the eye smoothly from one area to another, creating a sense of unity.
  • Extend the same flooring material across different areas. This is most easily achieved during initial construction or a major renovation.
  • If using different materials, choose those that are visually compatible in terms of color, texture, and pattern. This method is often used to differentiate spaces while still maintaining a cohesive look.
  • Modern porcelain tiles can mimic various materials (like wood or natural stone) and are durable enough for both indoor and outdoor use. They are also fade and slip-resistant.
  • In homes with an open floor plan, it’s particularly effective to use the same flooring throughout for a harmonious look.
  • If you have consistent flooring but wish to demarcate different zones or add some variety, strategically placed area rugs can help.

Direct Movement with Design Elements

  • Pathways: Create clear paths using pavers, decking, or landscaping to guide movement and connect different zones.
  • Sightlines: Ensure clear visual lines from indoors to outdoors. This can be achieved with the strategic placement of furniture and landscaping, as well as the use of large windows and doors.

Spatial Considerations

  • Open Floor Plan: Internally, an open floor plan can aid in seamless integration with the outdoors, especially when large doors or openings are used.
  • Spatial Markers: Use pergolas, awnings, or rugs to define outdoor zones, making it clear how each area is intended to be used.

It’s imperative to understand the daily rituals and patterns of the household to create a flow that works for your family. Knowing where most of the sun hits, where the family gathers the most, or where solitude is often sought can help you create zones for all. 

Natural Light: Bridging Indoor Outdoor Spaces

a kitchen with oak flooring, sliding doors, an oak kitchen island and skylights
Plenty of light in this kitchen with sliding doors, floor-to-ceiling windows, and skylights.

Light, with its ephemeral quality, has the profound ability to transform spaces. One of the most impactful elements of biophilic design, natural light, serves as a bridge, melding the boundary between your home and garden. The delicate dance of sunlight and shadows not only elevates the mood but also defines and enriches spaces.

Harnessing natural light can be achieved through architectural choices;

Doors and Windows

  • Large doorways and windows, such as bi-fold doors, sliding doors, and oversized windows are one of the most important aspects when it comes to creating indoor outdoor living spaces. 
  • Bi-fold doors consist of multiple panels that fold back onto themselves, creating a wide, unobstructed opening. They’re ideal for spaces where you want the option to open up an entire wall, like between a living area and a patio or deck.
  • Sliding doors typically consist of two or more large panels, where at least one panel slides horizontally over or behind the other.
  • Oversized windows can span from floor to ceiling, maximizing views and light.
  • Based on your home’s location, consider the sun’s path. North or south-facing door openings can offer consistent, diffused light, while east or west-facing ones can result in direct sun exposure.
  • Large glass areas can impact a home’s insulation. Consider double-glazing or thermal breaks for energy efficiency.


a kitchen with marble worktops, stone wall with open shelving, large skylights and patio doors
If your home allows, add as many skylights as possible to let in a lot of light

Strategically placed skylights play a significant role in bridging indoor outdoor living spaces in both subtle and direct ways. Their inclusion in architectural design can enhance the connection between interior spaces and the external environment.

Skylights introduce abundant natural light into indoor spaces, reducing the dependence on artificial lighting during the day. Skylights can also make rooms feel more spacious and less confined by providing a view of the sky, creating an illusion of a more expansive space.

In spaces that lack windows or have limited access to the outdoors, a skylight can offer a valuable connection to the external environment.

Moreover, by synchronizing indoor lighting with the garden’s landscape lighting, evenings become a magical affair, where the glow from inside harmonizes with the soft luminescence of the garden, creating a seamless, illuminated continuum. 

Seasonal Shifts: Adapting and Harmonising Throughout the Year

a patio garden leading from the kitchen in autumn with falling leaves and orange decor

As the wheel of the year turns, every season brings with it a unique palette, mood, and rhythm.

The key to truly harmonized spaces lies in their ability to adapt and evolve with these seasonal shifts. It’s about appreciating the transient beauty each season offers and incorporating elements that resonate with its essence.

In the heart of winter, interiors can be adorned with warm textiles and hues, while the garden is accentuated with frost-resistant plants and evergreens, providing a burst of life amidst the snow.

As spring arrives, spaces can be refreshed with floral motifs and budding plants, celebrating rebirth and renewal. Summer might see the integration of airy fabrics indoors and a riot of colorful blooms outside. Finally, Autumn, with its rich tapestry of colors, calls for earthy tones and the harvest’s bounty.

By being attuned to these shifts and making intentional design choices, you can make sure that both the home and garden resonate with the season’s spirit, creating a harmonized experience all year round.

a dark green kitchen with an arched window and copper worktops
Even if you don’t have space for large bi-fold or sliding doors, adding a floor-to-ceiling window helps connect the home and garden

Integrated indoor outdoor living spaces, often characterized by open floor plans and a seamless connection between home and garden, have gained significant popularity in contemporary home design.

These spaces create a harmonious blend of environments, ensuring that inhabitants can make the most of both the comfort of the indoors and the beauty of the outdoors.

They epitomize modern living by breaking down barriers and creating environments that are adaptable, sociable, and closely connected to nature.

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